About Robert G. Sarmiento this blogsite is primarily about real estate and our precious environment. my company, robert g sarmiento realty, is a brokerage firm which specializes on sales and rentals of residential, commercial and industrial properties for the local and international market particularly asian countries like thailand where i handle commercial leasing for business process outsourcing companies and the leisure market catering to high end resort villas and upscale residential condominiums. should you have an inquiry for such properties, have a property to sell, or just merely needing some advise on your real estate needs, please email or call my office at the numbers below : Robert G. Sarmiento Realty Professional Affiliation : Real Estate Broker’s Association of the Philippines President, Greenhills Chapter, 2008 – 2009 02 5148481 ( direct line ) +63 2 7235405 ( trunkline ) +63 2 7251832 ( telefax ) +63 2 5708882 ( line 2 ) +63 2 5707973 ( line 3 ) +63 920 9064829 ( mobile ) email : [email protected] website : http://www.robertgsarmiento.org blogsite : http://robertgsarmiento.wordpress.com website : http://www.philippinecommercialproperties.com website : http://bestcondos.wordpress.com
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here’s an article from business world online courtesy of Margaux A. Advincula, a Tax Senior Director of SGV & Co., on the new guidelines for Tax Free Exchanges.
As part of its efforts to streamline the Philippine tax system, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) issued Revenue Memorandum Order (RMO) No. 17-2016 (RMO 17-16) dated May 5, 2016 to supplement the guidelines in recording the tax-free exchange of properties for issuance of shares under Section 40(C)(2), in relation to Section 40 (C)(6)(c) of the 1997 Tax Code.
Section 40(C)(2) includes transactions involving a corporation which exchanges property for stock, a shareholder who exchanges stock for stock of another corporation, or a security holder who exchanges his securities for stock of another corporation, that is also a party to a merger/consolidation. It also includes transfer to a controlled corporation where not more than five persons transfer property in exchange for at least 51% of the voting shares of the transferee corporation. In these instances, no gain or loss will be recognized.
Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 18-2001 (RR 18-01), as amended by RMO No. 32-2001, contain the existing guidelines in monitoring the basis (amount to be used as cost) of the property transferred and shares issued under Section 40(C)(2). These guidelines require a certification or ruling signed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue on the tax-free exchange and also provide for penalties for non-compliance.
There are two valuation bases in a tax-free exchange under Section 40(C)(2): the basis of the transferee (issuer of shares) in recording the property; and, the substituted basis of the transferor (of the property) in recording the shares received. The substituted basis is also relevant in computing gain or loss in subsequent transfers of the property and the shares.
Under RMO 17-16, the basis for the transferee in recording the property is the asset’s fair market value (FMV). The value of the shares issued should be equal to the FMV of the property transferred (value for value exchange). Additional paid-in capital is not allowed.
The FMV depends on the kind of property transferred. When the property consists of shares, RMO 17-16 cites the rules under RR 06-2013, that is, the FMV of listed shares is the closing price on the day of the transfer, or the day nearest if no sale is made on that date. The FMV of shares not listed and not traded is the book value in the annual financial statements duly certified by an independent CPA nearest to the date of sale. The assets in the financial statements should be adjusted to its FMV as of a date not earlier than 90 days from the date of transaction.
On the other hand, for the transferor, the substituted basis is used in recording the shares received in consideration for the property exchanged. We must stress that Section 40(C)(2) merely defers recognition of the gain or loss from the transaction. Accordingly, gain or loss may eventually be recognized in a subsequent transfer of the property or shares.
What then is the substituted basis? Under Section 40(C)(5), the substituted basis of stocks or securities received by the transferor is the original basis of the property, stock or securities transferred minus the money received, and the FMV of other property received, plus the amount treated as dividend and any gain recognized on the exchange. If the transferee assumes a liability, or acquires from the transferor property that is subject to a liability, it shall be treated as money received. As to the transferee, the basis of the property should be the same as it was in the hands of the transferor, plus any gain recognized to the transferor.
RMO 17-16 provides pro-forma entries in recording the property and shares in a tax-free exchange, which both the transferor and the transferee can refer to. It additionally states that failure to annotate the tax-free exchange in the certificate of title of ownership of properties would render the ruling null and void. However, it is interesting to note that the Court of Tax Appeals (CTA) En Banc, in Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Dakudao & Sons, Incorporated promulgated on May 15, 2015, and more recently, in the CTA Division ruling in Lucio L. Co, Susan P. Co, Ferdinand Vincent P. Co and Pamela Justice P. Co vs. CIR promulgated on June 2, 2016, held that securing a BIR ruling under RR 18-01 is not a condition precedent for the availment of tax exemption under Section 40(C)(2) of the Tax Code.
Interestingly, RMO 17-16 would be a basis for taxpayers in explaining the treatment of the tax-free exchange transactions and the differences, if any, with Philippine Financial Reporting Standards. While other directives issued by former Commissioner Kim Jacinto-Henares in her last month in office were either revoked or suspended, RMO 17-16, having been issued in May, continues to be in effect. As such, taxpayers who plan to enter into tax-free exchanges must still comply with the guidelines provided in the issuance.
This article is for general information only and is not a substitute for professional advice where the facts and circumstances warrant. The views and opinion expressed above are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of SGV & Co.
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robert Robert G. Sarmiento Properties Professional Affiliation : Philippine Association of Real Estate Brokers Member, City of Taguig Real Estate Board Real Estate Broker’s Association of the Philippines President, Greenhills Chapter 2008, 2009 Member, Greenhills Chapter 2000 – 2015 Philippine Association of Real Estate Brokers San Juan Mandaluyong Chapter 1998, 1999 PRC # 6569 AIPO # 000897 02 5148481 ( direct line ) + 632 5536051 ( trunkline ) + 632 4781316 ( telefax ) + 632 8561365 ( line 3 ) + 632 8041701 ( line 4 ) + 63 917 5364829 ( globe ) Email : [email protected] Website : www.robertgsarmiento.org Website: http://condosphil.wordpress.com Website: www.philippinecommercialproperties.com Website: http://philippinewarehouses.wordpress.com Website: http:/philippineoffices.wordpress.com Website: http:/philippinetownhouse.wordpress.com