Dengue – Health Information

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hello everyone,

here’s the latest on Dengue Fever as of this writing, i too am undergoing observation for this epidemic, i am going on my 4th day and still under observation !  Take note that this mosquito can now hit anyone within a 24 hour time frame unlike before where it was limited to noon time only.   Another important information to note is that the when the fever goes away in about 2-4 days, that is when Dengue sets in ( most aren’t aware of this as they believe it’s over but that’s actually just the beginning of this vicious disease, most death are attributed to this unknown fact ! ) Here’s the latest information from Wikipedia.org for everyone’s reference :

Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome, where dangerously low blood pressure occurs.

Dengue is transmitted by several species of mosquito within the genus Aedes, principally A. aegypti. The virus has five different types;  infection with one type usually gives lifelong immunity to that type, but only short-term immunity to the others. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As there is no commercially available vaccine, prevention is sought by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites.

Treatment of acute dengue is supportive, using either oral or intravenous rehydration for mild or moderate disease, and intravenous fluids and blood transfusion for more severe cases.

Thanks to friends, I’ve been receiving several cures and the one the clearly stands out is Tawa Tawa, view details at : http://foodrecap.net/health/tawa-tawa-dengue-treatment/

Signs and symptoms

Outline of a human torso with arrows indicating the organs affected in the various stages of dengue fever

Schematic depiction of the symptoms of dengue fever

Typically, people infected with dengue virus are asymptomatic (80%) or have only mild symptoms such as an uncomplicated fever. Others have more severe illness (5%), and in a small proportion it is life-threatening. The incubation period (time between exposure and onset of symptoms) ranges from 3 to 14 days, but most often it is 4 to 7 days. Therefore, travelers returning from endemic areas are unlikely to have dengue if fever or other symptoms start more than 14 days after arriving home. Children often experience symptoms similar to those of the common cold and gastroenteritis (vomiting and diarrhea) and have a greater risk of severe complications, though initial symptoms are generally mild but include high fever.

Clinical course

The characteristic symptoms of dengue are sudden-onset fever, headache (typically located behind the eyes), muscle and joint pains, and a rash. The alternative name for dengue, “breakbone fever”, comes from the associated muscle and joint pains. The course of infection is divided into three phases: febrile, critical, and recovery.

The febrile phase involves high fever, potentially over 40 °C (104 °F), and is associated with generalized pain and a headache; this usually lasts two to seven days. Nausea and vomiting may also occur. A rash occurs in 50–80% of those with symptoms in the first or second day of symptoms as flushed skin, or later in the course of illness (days 4–7), as a measles-like rash. A rash described as “islands of white in a sea of red” has also been observed. Some petechiae (small red spots that do not disappear when the skin is pressed, which are caused by broken capillaries) can appear at this point, as may some mild bleeding from the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose. The fever itself is classically biphasic or saddleback in nature, breaking and then returning for one or two days.

The rash of dengue fever in the acute stage of the infection blanches when pressed

In some people, the disease proceeds to a critical phase as fever resolves. During this period, there is leakage of plasma from the blood vessels, typically lasting one to two days. This may result in fluid accumulation in the chest and abdominal cavity as well as depletion of fluid from the circulation and decreased blood supply to vital organs. There may also be organ dysfunction and severe bleeding, typically from the gastrointestinal tract. Shock(dengue shock syndrome) and hemorrhage (dengue hemorrhagic fever) occur in less than 5% of all cases of dengue, however those who have previously been infected with other serotypes of dengue virus (“secondary infection”) are at an increased risk. This critical phase, while rare, occurs relatively more commonly in children and young adults.

The rash that commonly forms during the recovery from dengue fever with its classic islands of white in a sea of red.

The recovery phase occurs next, with resorption of the leaked fluid into the bloodstream. This usually lasts two to three days. The improvement is often striking, and can be accompanied with severe itching and a slow heart rate.  Another rash may occur with either a maculopapular or a vasculitic appearance, which is followed by peeling of the skin.  During this stage, a fluid overload state may occur; if it affects the brain, it may cause a reduced level of consciousness or seizures. A feeling of fatigue may last for weeks in adults.

hello everyone,

here’s an article i posted at our company’s other website, http://bechayv.wordpress.com in 2012 and am now posting here at my daily blog as this DISEASE is getting worse and affected close friends and relatives of mine.

five years ago, a real estate broker friend of mine passed away not realizing what the symptoms were and it was too late then.    please pass on to friends as we all know that being informed is always best.

Dengue – Health Information

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Dengue Key Facts

•Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection that causes a severe flu-like illness, and sometimes a potentially lethal complication called dengue haemorrhagic fever.
•Global incidence of dengue has grown dramatically in recent decades.
•About two fifths of the world’s population are now at risk.
•Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, mostly in urban and semi-urban areas.
•Dengue haemorrhagic fever is a leading cause of serious illness and death among children in some
•Asian countries.
•There is no specific treatment for dengue, but appropriate medical care frequently saves the lives of patients with the more serious dengue haemorrhagic fever.
•The only way to prevent dengue virus transmission is to combat the disease-carrying mosquitoes.

Transmission
Dengue is transmitted to people by the bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito that is infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected with dengue virus when it bites a person who has dengue virus in their blood. The person can either have symptoms of dengue fever or DHF, or they may have no symptoms. After about one week, the mosquito can then transmit the virus while biting a healthy person. Dengue cannot be spread directly from person to person.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for dengue fever.
For (Dengue High Fever) DHF, medical care by physicians and nurses experienced with the effects and progression of the complicating haemorrhagic fever can frequently save lives – decreasing mortality rates from more than 20% to less than 1%.
Maintenance of the patient’s circulating fluid volume is the central
feature of DHF care.

Dengue First Aid

How to Care for the Patient While They Have a Fever:
•Bed rest. Let patient rest as much as possible.
•Control the fever.
•Only when prescribe by doctors, give acetaminophen or paracetamol every 6 hours (maximum 4 doses per day). Do not give ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) aspirin, or aspirin containing drugs.
•Sponge patient’s skin with cool water if fever stays high.
•Prevent dehydration which occurs when a person loses too much fluid (from high fevers, vomiting, or poor oral intake). Give plenty of fluids and watch for signs of dehydration.

Dengue First Aid

Bring patient to clinic or emergency room if any of the following signs develop:
• Decrease in urination (check number of wet diapers
or trips to the bathroom)
• Few or no tears when child cries
• Dry mouth, tongue or lips
• Sunken eyes
• Listlessness or overly agitated or confused
• Fast heart beat (more than 100/min)
• Cold or clammy fingers and toes
• Sunken fontanel (bunbunan) in infant

How to Care for the Patient While Fever is Going Away:
• Watch for warning signs as temperature declines 3 to 7 days after symptoms began.
Return IMMEDIATELY to clinic or emergency department if any of the following warning signs appear:
• Severe abdominal pain or persistent vomiting
• Red spots or patches on the skin
• Bleeding from nose or gums
• Vomiting blood
• Black, tarry stools
• Drowsiness or irritability
• Pale, cold, or clammy skin
• Difficulty breathing
•You should have available the name and telephone number of your doctor and ask for clarifications if needed.

General information about Aedes aegypti:
•Aedes aegypti, can transmit dengue. The dengue mosquito lays its eggs
on the walls of water-filled containers in the house and patio.
•The eggs hatch when submerged in water. Eggs can survive for months.
•Female mosquitoes lay dozens of eggs up to 5 times during their life
time.
•The mosquito life cycle, from egg to larvae, pupae, and to an adult
mosquito, takes 8 days and occurs in water. Adult mosquitoes live for
one month.
•Adult mosquitoes “usually” rest indoors in dark areas (closets, under
beds, behind curtains); only female mosquitoes bite humans.
•The dengue mosquito can fly several hundred yards looking for waterfilled
containers to lay their eggs.
•A few mosquitoes per household can produce large dengue outbreaks.
•The dengue mosquito does not lay eggs in ditches, drainages, canals,
wetlands, rivers or lakes; pouring chlorine into these habitats is useless.  Chlorine is harmful to aquatic life.

Dengue Prevention and Control

Common containers in which eggs develop into adult dengue mosquitoes:
A.Those that are filled with water by people
• Drums and water cisterns, buckets, plants in water, decorative fountains, broken water meters, animal drinking bowls, portable pools (not in use), potted plants and bases, open or unsealed septic tanks, or septic tanks lacking vent pipe screen.
B. Those that are filled with rain water
• Discarded tires, bottles, pots and pans, broken appliances (toilets, washbasins, refrigerators, washing machines).
• Items left outside such as garbage cans, paint trays, tarps, buckets and their lids, toys and coolers.
• Boats and other vehicles that can hold rain water.

Control of larvae and pupae to avoid production of adult mosquitoes:
• Throw away, turn over, empty or store under a roof any container that may accumulate rain water.
• Always place a tight lid on containers used for water storage (buckets, drums).
• Verify that there are no larvae or pupae in stored water (empty the
container, wash walls with a brush to remove eggs, rinse, and cover).
• Maintain running water in fountains, artificiallakes or estuaries. Place fish (guppies, betas) inornamental fountains that are always filled with water.
• Empty ornamental fountains that are not in use.
• Clean animal drinking bowls everyday, taking care to wash away eggs.

Mosquito Control:
• Regular fumigation on the area.
•Use screens on doors and windows to prevent mosquitoes from coming into house.
• Use patio insecticides such as Permethrin (pesticide and repellent) and Allethrin (candles and lanterns).
• Wear long sleeve shirts, long pants, socks and closed shoes to avoid mosquito bites at dusk and dawn especially.
• Use repellents containing DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide) or picaridin on your clothing and exposed skin. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for use.
•Maintain swimming pools in good condition and appropriately chlorinated. Empty inflateble swimming pools when not in use.
•Place patient under bed net or use insect repellent on the patient while they have a fever. Mosquitoes that bite the patient can go on to bite and infect others.

By following these simple guidelines, everybody’s safety and well-being is maintained and protected.
Protect yourself!!! Be informed!!!
Be Safe!!!

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thank you.

robert
Robert G. Sarmiento Properties
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Real Estate Broker’s Association of the Philippines
President, Greenhills Chapter 2008, 2009
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San Juan Mandaluyong Chapter 1998, 1999
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