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Here’a an article and detailed description of Clark International Airport taken from Wikimapia.  I am blogging this in order to inform the general public of the advantages this facility could provide in easing up both airline and traffic congestion is Metro Manila.

Recently I showed an industrial property in Bulacan just off NLEX and was surprised to find out how much development has been going on in the North ( however, due to regulatory issues, the project is a year delayed, view the article of Miguel Camus at  Prices have also appreciated as investors and developers have been landbanking in anticipation of upcoming developments.   We have also seen quite a number of companies relocating their warehouse / factory operations away from Metro Manila particularly in the Malabon, Caloocan and Valenzuela area due to flooding issues.

In addition to the advantages Clark International Airport could provide us, check out the flight rates the airline companies offer.  You will be amazed with some amazing airfare deals some Airlines offer  ( heard Cebu Pacific offered Php 7000 round trip to Japan, correct me if i am wrong ).

With all the developments going on in the North, think most of us are unaware ( Ayala recently announced their Php 75B development at Porac, Pampanga called the Alviera ), we could finally say that Northern Luzon is definitely worth looking into.

Clark International Airport

Clark International Airport
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark
Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark
Clark Airport Logo.png
Airport typeMilitary/Public
OwnerBases Conversion and Development Authority
OperatorClark International Airport Corporation
Philippine Air Force[3]
ServesGreater Manila Area,Central Luzon
LocationClark Freeport Zone,Mabalacat City, Pampanga, Philippines
Hub for
Elevation AMSL148 m / 484 ft
Coordinates15°11?09?N120°33?35?ECoordinates: 15°11?09?N 120°33?35?E
CRK/RPLC is located in Philippines


Location in the Philippines

Statistics (2012)
Passenger change 11-12Increase71.16%
Aircraft movements3,806 (2011)
Movement change 10-11Increase24.75%
Sources from CIAC[8] and PAF[9] websites
Statistics from CIAC 2011 Annual Report [10]and news sources[11][12]

Clark International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark; Kapampangan: Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark), formerly named as Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (IATA: CRKICAO: RPLC), an airport that serves as an alternate international gateway to the Philippines located within the Clark Freeport Zone serving the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines, was about 43.2 NM (80.0 km; 49.7 mi)[13]northwest of Manila. The airport is surrounded by the cities of Angeles and Mabalacat; and conveniently reached by Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway which is linked into North Luzon Expressway.

Clark serves the general vicinity of Greater Manila Area, along with the northern regions of Luzon. It is currently a hub for Cebu Pacific and Tigerair Philippines. The airport mainly serves low-cost carriers. The name is derived from the former American Clark Air Force Base which was the largest overseas base of the United States Air Force until it was closed in 1991 and handed over to the Government of the Philippines.

The airport is managed and operated by Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned enterprise; and the southern part of the facility is utilized by the Philippine Air Force as Clark Air Base.



For information on the history of Clark Airport prior to the explosion of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 and the departure of U.S. forces from the Philippines, see Clark Air Base.

In 1993, The former Clark Air Base was reopened as the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) after the area was cleared from lahar debris from the Mount Pinatubo explosion and a typhoon that followed and during the administration of former President Fidel V. Ramos, It was designated to be the future primary international gateway of the Philippines and the major international airport of Metro Manila and its neighboring provinces whenNinoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila has reached full capacity and can no longer be expanded. In 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo renamed Clark International Airport as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA), in memory of her father, former President Diosdado Macapagal and ordered the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) in February 2007 to fund the US$1.7 billion (PH? 76.5 billion) expansion of DMIA and the approval of a US$2 million (PH? 90 million) study plan financed by the Korean International Cooperation Agency. The first stage of Clark Airport’s expansion program, a PH?130 million terminal expansion, was completed in January 2008 to accommodate more than 2 million passengers annually.  In February 2012, The airport has been renamed back as Clark International Airport,  however, the passenger terminal will continue to bear Diosdado Macapagal’s name.

Terminal Complex

Terminal 1

Views of the departure hall of the Diosdado Macapagal Terminal

The $3 million (PH?130 million) current expanded Terminal 1, designed to accommodate at least one million to two million passengers annually, was inaugurated by President Arroyo on April 2008 to serve the growing passenger volume due to the entry of foreign and local budget carriers at the airport. Completed in April 2010, the $12 million (PH?550 million) expansion added a second storey, arrival and departure lounges, and two aerobridges to the terminal building. The expansion will boost Clark’s capacity to five million from two million.   Once Terminal 2 is completed, Terminal 1 will take over all domestic routes.

Future Development

The future international gateway for the country is currently being built at Clark International Airport. It is planned to become one of the world’s biggest in terms of terminal size and land area. A high speed railway system will be built to connect the new airport to Metro Manila. Officially, Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) is the only airport serving the Manila area. However, in practice, both NAIA and Clark International Airport(CRK) serve the Capital and surrounding cities, with CRK catering mostly to low-cost carriers that avail themselves of the lower landing fees than those charged at NAIA.

StatisticsTerminal 1Terminal 1
First Expansion
Terminal 1
Second Expansion  
Premier Gateway
Terminal 2
Phase 1
Budget Terminal  Terminal 2
Phase 2
Master Plan
Terminal 3
Scheduled completion date

Terminal 2

The Terminal 2 of Clark comes in two phases. It will be dedicated to international traffic.  It has a total floor area of 35,000 square meters and a 7 million-passenger capacity per year.  Total investment for this phase is estimated at US$150 million (PH?6.75 billion).  It includes the expansion of the eastern runway to 4000 meters.,  a new runway, a new cargo terminal complex, and a new control tower.

Budget Terminal

On Dec. 16, 2013 it was announced that the Philippines and France are set to sign a memorandum of agreement for the plan and design of the budget terminal which is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2016. The terminal will be designed by Aéroports de Paris and it would have a capacity of 15 million passengers per year.

Terminal 3

Terminal 3 is expected to make DMIA handle 80 million passengers a year.  When completed, Clark Airport will have:

  • 3 parallel runways
  • A high-speed train.
  • Once completed, it can accommodate 80 million passengers annually,  thus becoming one of the largest airports in the world.
  • Facility can accommodate the A380 once completed.


Clark Airport currently has two 3,200-meter parallel runways, one of which will be extended to 4,000 meters to accommodate new generation wide-bodied aircraft. The runways’ descriptions include:

  • The primary runway (Runway 02R/20L) has a length of 3,200 meters and a width of 60 meters. It is equipped with various navigational aids and lighting facilities, and it has a Category 1 rating for precision approach.
  • The secondary runway (Runway 02L/20R) has the same length as the primary runway (3,200 m) and a width of 45 meters, and it is currently used for Visual Flight Rules (VFR) only since the navigational aids and lighting facilities present in the primary runway have not yet been installed.

Clark Aerotropolis

The Clark International Airport is being pushed to become the Philippine‘s first aerotropolis  with businesses and industries relocating to the former American airfield complex. The Clark complex used to be the hub of DHL and FedEx cargo until both relocated to China.

Airlines and destinations


AirAsiaKuala Lumpur
Asiana AirlinesSeoul-Incheon
Cebu PacificCebu, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore
DragonairHong Kong
Jin AirSeoul-Incheon
Qatar AirwaysDoha
Tigerair PhilippinesHong Kong, Manila (ends January 5, 2015)


FedEx ExpressGuangzhou, Taipei-Taoyuan
Pacific East Asia Cargo AirlinesCebu, Taipei-Taoyuan
Tri-MG Intra Asia AirlinesCebu, Hong Kong
UPS AirlinesDubai-International, Hong Kong, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River ExpressShanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen


  • Center for Asia Pacific Aviation
    Low-Cost Airport of the Year (2006)
  • Frost & Sullivan Asia Pacific Aerospace and Defense Awards
    Airport of the Year (2008) (for airports under 15 million passengers category)
  • Routes Airport Marketing Awards
    Winner (2013) (for ‘Under 20 Million’ Category)

Ground transportation

Motor vehicle

The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) provides access through the airport, with two exits: Clark North and Clark South interchange, where the latter leads directly to Clark. Passengers with connecting flights at Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila can take North Luzon Expressway which is linked via SCTEx, then passing through Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, Roxas Boulevard and finally onto NAIA Road. The future corridor between NAIA and Clark International Airport is the Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3 from NLEx to SLEx and NAIA Expressway from Skyway and SLEx to NAIA Terminals. The target completion of the NLEx-SLEx elevated expressway link project will be on 2016.

Park and ride services are provided within the airport as well.

Public transportation

Regular bus services going directly to Metro Manila are served by Partas and Philtranco; although not operating after midnight hours. By 15 January 2013, there’ll be a newly constructed lounge in TriNoma Mall that will operate 24 hours a day and will be initially offered by Genesis, Five Star, Philtranco, and Victory Liner.[33] Bus services exclusively for AirAsia and AirAsia Philippines passengers can use the free service which is operated by Victory Liner to Marquee Mall and Dau bus terminal, on certain times.[34][35]

Clark is also served by airconditioned jeepneys en route to nearby Dau bus terminal and SM City Clark. Most buses running to the northern provinces of Luzon and back to Metro Manila include a stopover at Dau bus terminal.

Coming soon is an article on Foreign Direct Investment ( FDI ). Why is the Philippines not an attractive country to invest in ? The fact is, we rank  the lowest amongst our neighboring ASEAN countries in Foreign Direct Investments !

Only 1.12 percent of the Philippines’ gross domestic product (GDP) came from FDI compared to 2.26 percent in Indonesia, 2.35 percent in Thailand, 3.66 percent in Laos, 4.17 percent in Malaysia, 6 percent in Vietnam, 7.03 in Cambodia, 7.39 percent in Brunei, and 20.62 percent in Singapore. Myanmar has no data.

Take note it is Foreign Direct Investment that will provide employment to the masses.  The Business Process Outsourcing and OFW Remittances doesn’t trickle down to the poverty level which continues to be a major problem of our country. All it does is increase consumer spending that’s why you see malls being built and foreign brand names coming to the country.

However, on the brighter side of things, FDIs have been slowly rising and President Pnoy has generally done a good job but  much has to be done in addressing issues on corruption, power shortages, and  infrastructure, to name a few, in order to sustain continuous growth of our economy !


Robert G. Sarmiento Properties
Professional Affiliation :
Real Estate Broker’s Association of the Philippines
President, Greenhills Chapter 2008-2009
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